Welcome to Padmadurg

Let’s take a trip to Padmadurg with me.

Padmadurg is a Sea fort built by Maratha King Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in 1676. Padmadurg is also known as Kasa Fort.

Construction of the fort

Padmadurg fort was built on a turtle-shaped island, hence it is known as Kasa fort.

Padmadurg has two parts :

  • Main fort

The main fort has an East door and a west door. It has a three water tank. One of those tanks has a fountain of live freshwater. There are remnants of 40-50 guns. Remains of rooms, mosques, toilets, and bathrooms built for soldiers are still there. The main fort has six base stations(buruj).

  • Padkot :

According to fort Scripture types, the fortified area around the main fort is called Padkot. There is a temple of Goddess Koteshwari in Padkot.

Each of the bastions of the fort is shaped like a lotus petal and the lotus is known as Padma in Sanskrit and hence it is known as Padmadurg.

The entire fort was protected by fortification, but now the fortifications are broken along the side of the fort. You can see the construction features, the stone of the ramparts is worn out but the cement used to attach them is still in good condition. That cement contains Lime, conch, mussels, whiskey, jaggery, and gum.

History

There are a number of forts in the depot of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Khanderi, Underi, Colaba, Sindhudurg, and Padmadurg are the sea forts in the depot of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Padmadurg is built by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj to challenge another sea fort Janjira which was controlled by Siddhis.

This fort is at a distance of 4 km from Janjira. Construction of Padmadurg was started in 1670-72 which was completed in 1676. Subhanji Mohite was appointed as the first castellan of Padmadurg fort by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. He gave the responsibility of building Padmadurg to Darya Sarang and Daulat Khan. Responsibility for providing logistics was given to Subhedar Jiwaji Vinayak.

There have been several fierce naval battles between Siddhi and Maratha for maritime supremacy on the west coast of Maharashtra at Padmadurg fort. After Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj (son of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj), the fort was taken over by the rulers of Janjira, who changed the structure of the fort according to the Siddhi style. Thus some of their water tanks, cannons, and towers can also be seen in the fort. After the achievement, the British captured Padmadurg and built their barracks. The fort was used in the 19 century to imprison political criminals.

How to reach the location

The distance of Padmadurg from Mumbai is 145 km. First of all, you have to go to Alibag which is 95 km from Mumbai. Next to Alibag, you have to go to Murud which is 50 km away from Alibag. Then from Murud to Padmadurg fort, you need to hire a boat which takes 15 minutes to reach you to the fort. You have to travel 4 hours to reach Padmadurg fort from Mumbai.

 There were no direct boat fares to the fort as a result of which the visitors had to hire a personal boat since recently the fort can be visited by boat right from the Murud Janjira beach itself.